The master levels through this course will take you closer to digital limits.
After several hundreds of projects and years of production. I have discovered through also listening to mostly all equipment possible, to know the right levels of any mix. Even listening to many different tracks. Some that play often on radio, has minimal height of sounds even going down low as -6dB and even sound properly good. And you the feel bass as the same as 0dB in most of any equipment. But some of this experience is somehow a few times better at 0dB music. Since you will hear the difference between the more detailed details to the velocity of your tracks sounds or even vocals.
Most still push some levels up high to roof though, overpowering many certain levels or even low frequencies to high, most also create a huge bad impact to their highest frequencies as well.
Though after years, I knew what the master 0dB was capable of to have to be able to not be blown out by too high frequencies of low bass frequencies but also at some point to have the best possible wave of the track. To make it look as if it has a beautiful wave. That needed to succeed with the maximum levels still being at maximum level without overpowering it too much, and still being able to be limited without causing any distortion to the tracks frequencies through the last master channel limiting to 0dB.
A wave which looks similar to more spikes in the look, especially at sites who are based upon SoundCloud wave, was the look I always was out after, you might remember at the beginning of SoundCloud these good tracks also had the certain detail to the music in their beautiful aspect of the wave. This could distinguish producers from being bad to the more better ones, but for one day they changed to a more universal look of the wave. But still, you might see some tracks having a look like a vibrator and some very good detail.
The low frequencies of a kick “40-60Hz” most times isn’t allowed to be higher than -1.5dB to -2dB, that’s because the master limiter will anyway set it’s range to that level. As well as for the bass it should most likely be no higher than -5 to -6dB as the highest level of sound more likely an RMS max of height in volume. That might be totally false when speaking about Trap beats 808’s. But mostly all modern Trance to EDM have these levels on their bass if they sound properly for being allowed on radio or being a good quality track. Even most Techno. The bass drives best as possible when setting it to -6dB. Why? It’s because that will be to heavy feel for even the most expensive to even many cheap headphones “Which have no filers”. Most often too high levels as well from 100-200Hz should not be even higher than -6dB. Somehow these levels even shouldn’t surpass -9dB.
But as you keep kick levels beyond -2dB your tracks kick will be acquired to have a level of -1.2 or 0.4dB at sometimes with the master limiter you use. So it will end up very bumpy from time to time by any means to achieve this.
Resonance problems occur to speakers with no copper filter, and resonance at these levels are stated by the sound which formally isn’t bass but has been taken to this part by lower pitch, perhaps a synth that is pitched down to bass. Often these levels make a sound of muddiness, as well as frequency fight, might do as well. But as far levels from 100-200Hz this should be much lower than the levels which are under 100Hz.
To the mid frequencies divided into 200-4000Hz or 200-2000Hz these need to be at a level of where it does not hit the instrumental work above -6dB even up to -3dB at max. When in comparison it has a vocal loaded in it the track these are needed to be up to 0dB but even -2dB will sound good at any point. The lower you can get without the problem of sounds were it is not heard it’s to the best option to do it. Some vocals might as well end up too loud in a track if they are near 0dB. But for also for most beat producers, it’s essential to set these levels not too high for an instrumental higher than -6dB even lower levels would be more interesting for most buyers of your instrumental.
In overall it’s better to have a lower sound than too loud.
For the end, I rather set my high frequencies from 4000-22000Hz to around at max -6dB sometimes it does not go beyond -9dB. But for these frequencies, I also tend to more likely distort them to make them sound cool as a total mix. I do it with Maximus creating a curve which distorts to the highest frequencies on the envelope. Does not even need a high push with a curve.
Having the highest frequencies above these levels will most likely get your tracks killed for the listeners.
A good solution for anyone is to edit all your sounds solo to be able to understand what is too loud in the track. This goes for when you are adjusting all sound in one. But you also have to test out the sounds when you are running the full track as well.
So, for most is to know how to make a good level of your tracks highest frequencies is often to remove levels that are too dense in the Parametric EQ 2 equalizer of FL Studio.
A great tip is always to know what center of 3000Hz as well does do for you by any means. Since having to high load from many sounds at that center, you most likely will give a problem listening to your track by others. Even many claps are too high there. Most often it’s dependant on what you can split up listening to a song in your own mind. Knowing all types of instruments and distinct them on your own, even for a song with 20 different instruments in one melody. Did you know that most do not hear more than up to 5-6 different instruments being played in many tracks?
To the most important about a kick: The frequencies surely needs to not be higher than -1.5dB to -2dB. But it’s often because the 40-60Hz is the center of the kicks hit if you don’t use extra bassy feel to it with frequencies up to 100Hz. Unless then that is a simple kick. Your frequencies from 60-100Hz even up to 200Hz can be too loud if your kick is pushed up to 0dB unless soft clip limited with Maximus on the master channel to be -1.5 to -2dB.
For most who do not understand the equalizing of a kick from 100-200Hz they most likely should buy better monitoring equipment. Since these levels are very dependent on the quality of a good sound kick. It can sound good for you without no edit of the kick. But does it sound good for others? The equipment you have might have higher impedance a copper filter in the speakers, taking these out would be more reasonable to even accomplish how to reduce these levels further. These levels most likely get filtered in man different equipment, which for most gives a good sound to it. Some will have a problem listening to your track most times when they use different technology speakers.
Lets us go to a more visual mastering possibility. Here you will see in the next picture that the kick got a gain with the PRE option in the Maximus just after in the upper equalizing. Then another equalizing after the gain has been done to 0dB with Maximus has been applied, the other Parametric that sends that kick to the master:
Then the kick gets it desired strength of the frequencies it has from 30-80Hz. Mut mainly focus was the gain of the kicks center.
As it goes to the master it is reduced to -1.5dB by the Maximus envelope I put in:
But as you see in that picture is my bass in the track that runs -6dB at most it is even not limited as the drums are at above to be getting limiting. The limiting is something more proper as something mentioned as analog master or creating the sound into sine wave than if it even was a square with distortion. That solution is most likely to be called a soft clip limit. Which isn’t a hard clip at all. The important thing with that is the Envelope set to curve to -1.5dB. Which forms the kick into a sine wave.
In the next picture, you will see mid frequencies to play at the highest level of -3dB but stays mostly at -6dB. That is as well a track with good vocals track, to have higher levels than that is surely not needed for most tracks. But I turned the whole mid frequencies with the PRE option in the Maximus. To reduce the need that the track will have high levels that will be limited also it is not needed to have too loud sound. In my track, it is reduced to up to -4.7dB with the mid frequencies using the PRE option in Maximus.
Then let us talk about the higher frequencies in the same track I’m talking about, the frequencies have no higher power than actually -9dB. But they have with the envelope a small distortion. As well a more soft clip that is going into the field of beyond the line, with the more higher frequencies into -6.6dB.
In the end, the whole track will stay at 0dB the whole time even at the highest levels, so if I have perhaps 0dB kicks? Well then the levels will surely be all over 0dB even with too high mid frequencies that will occur in the same situation, but as far as this looks using those above methods:
But why has it COMP OFF? Well, I tend to only use the Limiter called ModernLimiter you can get from Antress it gives highest possible 0dB since the Maximus master limiter is kind of cranky bad and will reduce power to under 0dB.:
Some plugin creators who made a plugin called KClip has the same properties as the ModernLimiter, but for some enthusiast, a higher level of the mix can be made at different proportions though.
Also, remember always to have LOW CUT off in Maximus! It causes compression problem and a problem with your bass! You can though use Parametric EQ 2 with the 20hz cut preset if you need to cut.
“I tend to put an Edison at the end of the master and use the Record button with the on play option and render any kind of render, then I go back to the Edison and copy the wave 32bit out to new FL Studio an render my versions, since that gives me lesser problem based on some plugins that render differently as external render of quality than the actually played track”
Then you will see the wave of the track how it looks like a wave:
You know why the upper field in that stereo is higher? It’s called offset problem, it was caused to by my bass that most often are with the acid type of basses, using the center option on that is a solution. But sometimes it is not a huge problem for most tracks.
Here is a proper look of the track on perhaps SoundCloud. That is based under the certain rule to happen, most often when mid and high frequencies go lower than the low frequencies. But it’s also based on whether you have a right equalization of mostly all your tracks properties. Even using sidechain with your bass properly. Since a combination of both bass and kick might make the track kinda flat:
Remember also the thing about this. All your sounds need to be equalized properly as well. That task is not the easiest thing to do. If you can’t hear the harsh level to around most tracks around in the world. Even the tracks that are looking as a vibrator on SoundCloud that most say unmastered, preview new producer in the hood using no Equalization. Then be deviant of that you might sit with a non-proper headset or speaker doing your job with any of your tracks in a bad way. You have to get something that sounds the worst in the proper mean. Some SoundCards are even also the cause of problems occurring for many.
Enjoy a better level of sound production on your next projects!
This tutorial is no means to show you how to be at loudness war. This is to show you what can be done to maximum levels with especially low frequencies. It does not tell you to have a highest possible level, if you are uncertain at a specific gain you will get I recommend using just Maximus Master Channel on for end Limit rather using ModenLimiter.